In every walk of life the process of evaluation takes place in one or the other form. It is only through evaluation that one can discriminate between good and bad. The whole cycle of development revolves around the evaluation process.
Role of evaluation in teaching process
Evaluation plays an important role in the teaching-learning process. It helps teachers and learners to improve teaching and learning. Evaluation is a continuous process and a periodic exercise. Also, it serves like an in-built monitor within the program to review the progress in learning from time to time. It provides valuable feedback on the design and the implementation of the program. Evaluation plays a significant role in any educational program.
It helps in forming the values of judgement, educational status, or achievement of students. Evaluation in one form or the other is inevitable in teaching-learning. In education how much a child has succeeded in his aims, can only be determined through evaluation.
Role of evaluation in learning process
In learning, it contributes to formulation of objectives, designing of learning experiences and assessment of learner performance. It is very useful to bring improvement in teaching and curriculum. It provides accountability to the society, parents, and to the education system.
Additionally, it helps to monitor the learning progress of students during the period of instruction. Hence, its main objective is to provide continuous feedback to both teacher and student concerning learning successes and failures in the process.
Feedback to students provides reinforcement of successful learning and identifies the specific learning errors that need correction. Feedback to the teacher provides information for modifying instruction and for prescribing group and individual remedial work.
Thus, this evaluation helps a teacher to ascertain the learner-progress from time to time. At the end of a topic or unit or segment or a chapter the teacher can evaluate the learning outcomes based on which he can modify his methods, techniques and devices of teaching to provide better learning experiences.
The teacher can even modify the instructional objectives, if necessary. In other words, on the go evaluation provides feedback to the teacher. It helps to understand which aspects of the learning task were mastered and which aspects were poorly or not at all mastered by learners. It also helps the instructor to assess the relevance and appropriateness of the learning experiences provided and to assess instantly how far the goals are being fulfilled.
Thus, it aims at improvement of instruction. Evaluation also provides feedback to learners. The learner knows his learning progress from time to time. Thus, on the go evaluation motivates the learners for better learning. As such, it helps the teacher to take appropriate remedial measures.
It is concerned with the process of development of learning. In the sense, evaluation is concerned not only with the appraisal of the achievement but also with its improvement. Education is a continuous process.
Therefore, evaluation and development must go hand in hand. The evaluation has to take place in every possible situation or activity and throughout the period of formal education of a pupil.
Thus, this type of evaluation is an essential tool to provide feedback to the learners for improvement of their self-learning and to the teachers for improvement of their methodologies of teaching, nature of instructional materials, etc.
It is a positive evaluation because of its attempt to create desirable learning goals and tools for achieving such goals. This evaluation is generally concerned with the internal agent of evaluation such as participation of the learner in the learning process.
Diagnosing is concerned with determining the most appropriate method or instructional materials conducive to learning.
Placement is concerned with finding out the position of an individual in the curriculum from which he has to start learning.
Monitoring is concerned with keeping track of the day-to- day progress of the learners and to point out changes necessary in the methods of teaching, instructional strategies, etc.
a. It is an integral part of the learning process.
b. It occurs, frequently, during the course of instruction.
c. Its results are made immediately known to the learners.
d. It may sometimes take the form of teacher observation only.
e. It reinforces learning of the students.
f. It pinpoints difficulties being faced by a weak learner.
g. Its results cannot be used for grading or placement purposes.
h. It helps in modification of instructional strategies including method of teaching, immediately.
i. It motivates learners, as it provides them with knowledge of progress made by them.
j. It sees the role of evaluation as a process.
k. It is generally a teacher-made test.
l. It does not take much time to be constructed.
i. Monthly tests
ii. Class tests
iii. Periodical assessment
iv. Teacher’s observation, etc.
Nowadays, education has multifold programmes and activities to inculcate in students a sense of common values, integrated approach, group feelings, community interrelationship leading to national integration and knowledge to adjust in different situations.
Evaluation in education assesses the effectiveness of worth of an educational experience which is measured against instructional objectives.